Accommodation, advice, baggage, behavior, bread, chaos, damage, furniture, information, luck, luggage, news, permission, progress, scenery, traffic, weather, work, etc.

2.1 Write “C” for countable and “U” for uncountable nouns:

apple; water; boy; milk; table; pen; bread; cup; computer; money; cheese; tooth; car; grass; person; road; chair; bicycle; hand; flour; information; butter; sugar; tree; garden; book; news; bus; wine; house.

2.2 Write the plurals of the words given in brackets to complete these sentences:

1. Would you bring the bottle and some glasses, please? (glass)

2. We cut the cake into _____. (half)

3. We bought some _____ to eat with our _____. (tomato/sandwich)

4. They caught several _____ that afternoon. (fish)

5. It was a shop selling _____ and _____. (stereo/video)

6. Would you like some of these _____? (potato)

7. We saw a cartoon about _____ and _____. (cat/mouse)

8. All the _____ had different coloured _____. (house/roof)

9. It was autumn, and the _____ were falling. (leaf)

10. Did you make these _____? (handkerchief)

Adjectives (Comparisons)

Adjectives of: Positive Comparative Superlative
one syllable Tall Taller (than) The tallest (of/in)
two syllables ending in -er, -ly, -y, -w Happy Friendly Happier (than) Friendlier (than) The happiest (of/in) The friendliest (of/in)
two or more syllables Modern More modern (than) The most modern (of/in)

3.1 Write the comparative or superlative of the adjectives in brackets:

1. It's warmer today than it was yesterday. (warm)

2. This is the most expensive dress in the shop. (expensive)

3. What's the _____________ mountain in your country? (high)

4. This car is too small. We need to get a _____________ one. (big)

5. It was the _______________________ music I've ever heard. (beautiful)

6. Your computer is _______________________ than mine. (modern)

7. Australia is the earth's _____________continent. (old)

8. My sister was always ______________ than me. (pretty)

9. This year's exam was __________________ than last year's. (difficult)

10. This is the __________________ pan we've got. (large)

Irregular forms:

Positive Comparative Superlative
Good/well Better The best
Bad/badly Worse The worst
Much More The most
Little Less The least
Far Further/farther The furthest/the farthest

Comparative constructions:

1. As … (positive) … as Not so/as … (positive) … as Paul is as heavy as Tom. Jane is not so/as tall as Mary.
2. Less … (positive) … than The least … (positive) … of/in Betty is less hard-working than Kate but Jean is the least hard-working of all.
3. The + comparative …, the + comparative The harder you work, the more money you earn.

3.2 Complete these sentences:

1. The weather is much warmer than it usually is at this time. (warm)

2. Going by car took twice as long as going by train. (long)

3. It was by far the worst time of my life. (bad)

4. The train's a lot ____________ all the other ways of getting there. (fast)

5. This exam was a bit _____________________ all the other tests. (easy)

6. I think English spelling is by far ____________________. (difficult)

7. The food isn't nearly ________________ it has been in the past. (good)

8. She's a bit ______________________________ her brother. (sensitive)

9. Flying's a lot _____________________ going by car. (quick)

10. First class is much _________________________ second. (expensive)

11. This is easily ______________________ restaurant in London. (good)

12. Ellen was a bit ________________________ she usually is. (cheerful)

13. He's not nearly ________________________ his sister. (intelligent)

14. The journey was three times ______________ we had expected. (long)

15. The film wasn't ________________ I had thought it would be. (good)

Present Simple


1) permanent situations or states

She worksas a nurse. She ownsa large shop.

2) repeated / habitual actions (especially with frequency adverbs: often, usually etc)

I usually get upat 7.30.

3) permanent truths or laws of nature

Money doesn't buyhappiness.

Water freezesat 0°C.

4) timetables / programmes (future meaning)

The match finishesat 7.45.

The plaсe leavesat 6.05.

5) reviews /sports commentaries / dramatic narrative

Meryl Streep actsbrilliantly in this film.

Time expressions:every day / week / month / year, usually, often, always, rarely, never, sometimes, in the morning / evening / afternoon, at night, on Mondays etc.

4.1 Rewrite each sentence according to the instructions (Present Simple):

1. I visit my parents very often. (negative) – I don’t visit my parents very often.

2. Does he go to school every day? (positive) – He goes to school every day.

3. She comes from Germany. (question) – Does she come from Germany?

4. She goes to work by car. (question)

5. We watch television every night. (negative)

6. He doesn't walk to work every day. (positive)

7. She plays football every Saturday. (question)

8. He washes his car every week. (question)

9. They live in Australia. (question)

10. They go to school by bus. (question)

4.2 Write the short answers:

1. 'Do you live here?' – 'Yes, I do. '

2. 'Does Mary work in this office?' – 'No, she doesn't. '

3. 'Does Stephen speak French?' – 'No, _____”

4. 'Do the teachers like your work?' – 'Yes, _____”

5. 'Do you understand the lessons?' – “No, _____”

6. 'Do they visit you often?' – “No, _____”

7. 'Do you like France?' – 'Yes, _____”

8. 'Do your parents live in London?' – 'Yes, _____”

9. 'Does your father like modern music?' – 'No, _____”

10. 'Does Judy drive to work?' – 'Yes, _____”

4.3 Complete the sentence with the affirmative form of the verb in brackets:

1. I (drive) drive but my sister (cycle) _____________.

2. The Sun (rise) _________ in the east and (set) _________ in the west.

3. The Prime Minister (travel) ________ abroad in his own private aeroplane.

4. It (cost) ________ $ 20 million to be a space tourist for one week in the International Space Station.

5. The European Commission (meet) _________ in Brussels.

6. My dad (read) ________ two books every week.

7. I (understand) ________ geography more than science.

8. My favourite TV programme (start) _________ at half past ten.

9. The teachers at our school (give) _________ us lots of homework.

10. We (like) ________ swimming because it's fun and good exercise.

4.4 Complete the sentence with the negative form of the verb in brackets. Use contractions:

1. You (do) don't do any of the cooking!

2. My brother (play) __________ tennis because he (like) _________ it.

3. I (think) _________ that's a good idea.

4. Teachers (work) _________ at weekends.

5. The government (agree) ________ with the new EU laws.

6. We (want) ________ to see that film because it looks boring.

7. His mum (drive) _________ a fast car.

8. Those new mp3 players (be) _________ very expensive.

9. These birds (stay) _________ in the country during winter.

10. He (sing) __________ very well, does he?

4.5 Complete and answer the question using the verb in brackets:

1. Do bones stop growing? (stop)

2. How much water _______ the brain _______? (contain)

3. _______ you _______ hair on your tongue? (have)

4. How many square metres _______ an adult's skin _______? (cover)

5. _______ hair _______ faster in hot weather? (grow)

6. How long _______ the heart _______ to pump blood around the body? (take)

7. _______ muscles _______ or push? (pull)

8. Which vitamin _______ the liver _______? (produce)

9. How many times a day _______ you _______ in and out? (breathe)

Present Continuous


1) temporary situations

They're stayingat the Park Hotel at present.

2) actions happening at or around the moment of speaking

She is looking for a better job.

3) fixed arrangements in the near future

The Browns are visitingustonight. (It's all arranged.)

4) changing or developing situations

His English is gettingbetter.

Time expressions:now, at the moment, at present, nowadays, today, tonight, always, still etc.

5.1 Rewrite each sentence according to the instructions (Present Continuous):

1. She is watching TV now. (question) – Is she watching TV now?

2. He isn’t staying at his hotel. (positive) – He’s staying at his hotel.

3. She’s reading. (negative) – She isn’t reading.

4. They’re working. (question)

5. He's writing a letter. (question)

6. He's eating. (negative)

7. I'm not working. (positive)

8. She's studying at the moment. (question)

9. I'm sleeping. (negative)

10. You're reading my newspaper. (question)

5.2 Complete the sentence with the affirmative form of the verb in brackets:

1. Look, all the people (leave) are leaving.

2. The Earth's temperature (rise) _______ because people (use) _____ too much energy.

3. She (study) _______ economics and he (study) _______ philosophy.

4. You (stand) _______ too close to the road.

5. We (stay) _______ in a lovely hotel by the beach.

6. I (go) _______ to the supermarket now, do you need anything?

7. The cat (chase) _______ the dog.

8. Technology (become) _______ cheaper all the time.

9. Pawel and Marek (train) _______ for the football game next week.

10. Manuela (listen) _______ to music in her room.

5.3 Complete the sentence with the negative form of the verb in brackets. Use contractions:

1. As you know, the Marina space mission (go) isn’t going according to plan.

2. As far as we can tell, the spacecraft (head for) _______ the moon.

3. We can't be sure because at the moment it (send) _______ us any useful information.

4. Some of the equipment on the spacecraft (work) _______ properly.

5. As a result, we (receive) _______ radio signals.

6. It seems that the solar power panels (point) _______ at the Sun.

7. So as a result, they (produce) _______ enough power.

8. And at the moment Marina’s computer (respond) _______ to our signals.

9. We are trying to correct the problem but we (have) _______ any luck.

10. However, we (give up) _______ hope.

5.4 Use the prompts to make a question:

e.g. the weather in your country / change – Is the weather in your country changing?

1. it grow / warmer or colder


2. storms / happen more often


3. less snow / fall in winter


4. summer / get hotter


5. the changes / become a problem


6. people / worry about this


7. they / do anything to help